Friday, May 26, 2017

World Blip – The Dark Side

One of the writer’s favorite things is the villain.
I’m not even sure why, but almost every writer I know loves developing villains, creating them, and watching them do evil things in order to thwart the hero.

While avoiding getting into the psychological ramifications, it does leave a wide opening for discussions and blog posts. I’ve posted before about villains, about minor villains, about conflict and stakes and all sorts of things down the vein of villains. Today I’m going to peer back into that vein and see what else I can pull out.

The title says world blip.
Guess I better find something in there that is worldbuilding related.

Twenty Minutes Later…

I found something.
There are a lot of “dark sides” in movies and books. From the literal Dark Side of Star Wars to the symbolic “shadow” in The Lion King where the lion does not rule, there are dark places. Places villains live. Evil lairs, mountain fortresses, piles of skulls, random candlesticks, and corporate skyscrapers that look evil just by existing.

Here’s the deal: each and every one of those things screams evil.
Most “villains” don’t think they’re evil, so why do their lairs look like that in movies and books?
Like take the classic example of a villain actual history:

You know what that is?
That’s Hitler’s house.
Well, one of them.

It doesn’t look evil and full of vileness. Not really. More like… old fashioned, and that’s because it was a while back.
It doesn’t look like the home of one of the most reviled men in all of history.
What about this one:

That’s Stalin’s house, Kharkov.
It looks rather refined to me, not super dark and evil-looking. Stalin killed a lot of people. A lot of people.

There are a lot of clichés in the development of evil places, so let’s explore those, and explore why those clichés are so often chosen and used.

Describing the Land of Evil

This is one of the most common clichés known among men. The Land of Evil. I’m not sure who started this, maybe Tolkien did. Maybe Mordor inspired a slew of books that use lands of desolation and darkness to notify that “villain lives here”.

What makes this cliché so common, and so useful?
It shows without telling. When you describe a dark, evil setting by showing, you also show that the villain is evil. It’s a backdoor sort of showing. It’s implicit. If they place they live is evil, so must they be. This, however, is also a copout. It’s lazy. How easy is it to describe black rocks, skulls, and angry clouds? Very. I could easily describe any of those things, complete with looming towers with jagged tops and red lights winking through slitted windows, the stark white bones of defeated enemies littering the jaded plain before them, without having to think very hard. I mean, I just came up with that one without having to think at all. My phone actually lit up while I was typing that sentence and I glanced over at it while writing the middle portion.
That’s how easy it is to write a setting that sounds evil.
Everyone knows what evil settings look like, nowadays.

But what if???
What if we had villains who didn’t look anything like that? Villains who are evil but don’t think they are? Now, there’s nothing wrong with villains who live in evil places. They are fine. They work. But they aren’t always true to life.
Some villains live in lavish mansions. They live in palaces and or in normal-looking houses.
How, then, do we build these things in such a way that the world still shows their villainy?

Undeserved Fortune

If undeserved misfortune is the way to a sympathetic hero, then Undeserved Fortune is the way to a hate villain. When a villain’s hideout is dark and dreary, we’re not jealous of them. We just think they’re evil.
The villain who lives in a mansion while the people who slave for him live in squalor?

We detest him.

The villainess who dines, sleeps, and lounges in luxury while ordering the destruction of people’s homes for her own gain?

She is despicable.

There is something about undeserved fortune that makes readers writhe. We hate it when the hero has it (Deus ex Machina), and we hate it when the villain has it (we also happen to love it, in this weird sort of paradox where we love the villains we hate).
When you build the land your villain rules over, give them fortune they do not deserve, and give those around them misfortune they do not deserve. This juxtaposition creates in your readers a mindset of “they’re the cruel person, the rest are just mistreated and need to be liberated”, without having to tell them “this person is evil”.

Let’s take a moment and recognize that I’m not saying wealth is evil here. This isn’t a rant against the 1% or whatever. Some of those people are actually nice. In fact, your villain doesn’t have to be (and often times should not be) incredibly, incredibly wealthy.
Wealth is by comparison.
If everyone in the world had five billion dollars right now, it would be the same as if we all had ten dollars. Equality of wealth doesn’t create riches: it creates a new equilibrium.
Therefore, your misfortunate characters can have ten dollars in their pocked and the villain has a hundred, and it will seem unfair, evil, and unjust.
People are weird that way.

“Auras” vs. “Reality”

If the villain’s realm is volcanically active and dark all the time, we’ll see that reality as evil.
What about more inventive settings? What makes the luxury suite of a hotel evil compared to the janitor’s closet?
Or what makes the janitor’s closet evil?

I like to call it an aura, and I’m not trying to offend psychics out there: this is a word I’m stealing from you and you can’t have it back.
What is this aura? You create the aura of a place by the words you use. Words have power, and describing the places you develop goes a long way in creating the presence characters and readers feel. If you use the right words, you can make a janitor’s closet seem like the second circle of hell.
What words are these?
Well, it depends on the place. Generally speaking, terse sentences, staccato description, and slightly-off words can create a sense of wrongness in the reader. Words that don’t quite seem right, but no one can pinpoint why, sentences that end seemingly too soon. A touch of reluctance.

I’m getting all prose blip on you now, but this is important: word choice for showcasing your world is vitally important.

Implication, Not Proof

One thing that a lot of people seem to miss when it comes to describing their villain’s lair is this: the description of the lair does NOT automatically make us think the villain is bad. It makes us know they’re evil, but we don’t feel it until you prove it.
Actions speak louder than words, and actions speak louder setting.

Giving the villain’s setting power and vivid description creates strong implication that can then be followed up with obvious proof to send an impactful message.


  1. Great thoughts! I need to work on this a bit. My villains definitely need some more depth. Thanks, Aidan!

    *bookmarks this post for further reference*

    1. You're welcome Bethany!
      I believe all villains can always use more depth. Even my own, you know?


    2. Absolutely. It's rare to find a "perfect" villain. XD Honestly, I think that any character in general can be given more depth.

    3. Oh definitely!
      I guess there just has to come a point where we decide "enough is enough" and let the character's depth be satisfactory, even if it isn't complete. It's just hard to find that point, you know?

    4. It really is! I certainly have a perfectionist side to me that makes it difficult to stop anything short of the best I can possibly do. XD Have you read any books that you felt in particular had strong characters?

    5. Ha, I'm the same way. XD

      Personally, I think "The Raven Boy Cycle" is a quadrilogy with very, very strong characters. They're very human and come across as more real than real.

      Other books I think of when I consider stronger characters are "The Alloy of Law" and its sequels by Brandon Sanderson, Harry Potter, "Sailing to Sarantium" (though I can't necessarily endorse the book itself due to some strong adult content, for the record), and a few others.
      What about you?

    6. I'd say that both the "Ilyon Chronicles" and the "Blades of Acktar" have very real characters.

    7. I've not read either of those, although Ilyon Chronicles is on my list to read. I'll have to look into the Blades of Acktar!

    8. The Blades of Acktar is my all-time favorite series. I loaned it to my best friend who is also an avid reader and they made it to the top of his favorites as well. I can't recommend them enough. I'm sure you will enjoy the series! Tricia Mingerink is a fabulous author.

    9. Oh, cool! I'll have to check out the various libraries near me for them.